The journey from mobile to simple to smart has been really interesting. There have been many such changes in mobile phones that have been made by making it on the basis of information and communication hubs, which is quite fundamental when modern modern living conditions are seen. But how did these mobile phones become so sophisticated? For this, you will have to study this post “History and Development of Mobile” very carefully so that you can know what changes were brought in it over time.
Which was the world’s first mobile phone and when was it launched?
The world’s first mobile phone was “Motorola DynaTAC 800x” and it was launched in 1983. It was priced at around $ 4,000 at that time. At the same time, you could only talk for 30 minutes. Talking about its size, it was up to about 1 foot.
Despite its large size, it was considered the most portable telephone at that time. At that time it was really a very big thing, we humans can talk wirelessly without any wires, that too with the help of a portable phone.
History and development of mobile phones
Now let’s pay more attention to the history and development of Mobile Phone. And know how Mobile Technology has faced a lot of change in so many years.
1983 – 1990 (World’s First Portable Mobile Phone)
In 1983, the world received its first portable mobile phone called the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X. It was priced at around $ 4000 USD and was considered at the time as a status symbol.
The first mobile phone call after two years is also the UK’s land, this phone was called to Vodafone Chairman Sir Ernest Harrison. In 1989, Motorola also designed other models after the DynaTAC which were 9800X or MicroTAC, with a fold-down keyboard cover and it also set a standard flip phone in the entire 90’s.
Present Day (cutting edge superfast world)
EE launched UK’s first 5G service in 6 cities this May 2019. Fifth-generation network promises that it will provide superior data speeds and reliability, while it will also be boosting with ultra-high-resolution video streaming and mobile gaming. Handset design trends also started growing slowly in all screen experience, while OnePlus introduced new pop-up selfie camera in their flagship 7 Pro device.
The first mobile phone in the world was called by Dr Martin Cooper, a Motorola employee in New York, who used a prototype Dyna TAC phone for this. Cooper had given this phone to a friend who used to work at his rival company AT&T. At that time this phone weighed more than 1 Kg and it took about 10 hours to be charged!
Japan has always been at the forefront of technology and in 1979 they launched the first commercially available automated cellular network, but at that time it was only available in cars. Which we know today as “1G”.
1G then later reached Western countries, first Scandinavia and then UK and North America.
The world’s first mobile phone started being sold, which was the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X. It was very expensive, about $ 4000 USD.
Michael Harrison Jay was the first mobile phone call in the UK. He made a phone call to his father, who was then Chairman of Vodafone, Sir Ernest Harrison.
Then the first truly portable mobile phone came to the fore – which was the Motorola 9800X which had a flip-down that covered the keypad.
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) phone was launched and 2G digital cellular networks replaced 1G analogue system completely. In 2G, we got text messages, picture messages, and multimedia messages (MMS), so that people started to communicate with each other in a whole new way.
Neil Papworth sent the first text message to Vodafone director Richard Jarvis’s Orbitel TPU 901 phone. It was written “Happy Christmas!”.
IBM released Simon with a touchscreen as well as a very early form of apps. It was priced at $ 899 and worked only in 15 states of the US.
Nokia launched Europe Means on 2110, it was the smallest GSM phone available at that time and there were also ringtones choices like Nokia Tune.
The first phone that came in the market with ‘slider’ form factor as Nokia 8110. Its name was popular according to the banana phone according to its shape. At the same time, it also made its appearance in the big screen in the Matrix movie. It was the first device to feature a monochrome LCD screen.
Along with this, Motorola StarTAC was also a phone that was the first flip phone or clamshell device. Its popularity was very high due to which it sold around 60 million units worldwide.
Iconic game Snake was launched in Nokia 6110, which led to the introduction of mobile gaming. Hagenuk launched GlobalHandy without any external aerial; Ericcson brought the colored keyboard panels to the world and Siemens brought out the first colored screen phone – S10.
At the same time, UK Mercury One2One started the first pay as you go services called ‘Up 2 You’. It used to allow customers to top-up their call credit and it later became T-Mobile and then EE.
Nokia launched the 5110 which became more popular in the consumer market and included replaceable faceplates (branded ‘Xpress-on covers’ by Nokia) which makes it the first truly customizable phone.
WAP was launched in Nokia 7110, which made it the first phone capable of browsing in web albeit, a trimmed down version that did not provide the full HTML experience that we know today.
Sharp J-SH04 became the first camera phone in the market, but it was only available in Japan. BlackBerry launched their 857 which supported email and web browsing. Which signified BlackBerry’s reign as a business phone kings. Nokia launched the most iconic phone – Nokia 3310. It sold nearly 126 million units.
Full-color displays started coming to the phone market, first with Mitsubishi Trium Eclipse but later with Ericcson T68i.
Qwerty keyboards also revealed their appearance as the Nokia 5510. Take the 8310 as the most popular phone for its slick design and cutting edge features which included Infrared, a fully functional calendar and an FM radio.
Europe’s first camera phone, the Nokia 7650, was released. T-Mobile announced the UK’s first picture messaging service which was available only on Sony Ericsson T68i.
In the 7560, people used to get 0.3-megapixel sensor with which 640 × 480 pixels color imaging could be done.
The Finnish giant’s best-selling phone became the Nokia 1100, which became so popular that it sold over 200 million units in a very short time.
3G networks started to take off across the world, providing data transmission speeds about ten times more than 2G. With this, users could now watch video clips easily, while simultaneously participating in video conferencing, and were able to use location-based services for the first time.
Motorola launched the Razr V3 – a very popular ‘fashion’ orientated phone, between 2004 and 2006. It sold around 130 million units and it prepared designers for future sleek designs in future.
Android, this mobile operating system was acquired by Google, which showed that this Mountain View giant is much more serious in terms of mobile technology.
The Casio G’zOne became the world’s first waterproof handset that led to the launch of a new movement towards phones that started taking IP certifications.
Nokia N95 was launched which provided the first real smartphone experience to the people for the first time. It worked on top of the Symbian OS, and had 160MB of RAM, the world’s first 5-megapixel phone camera, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi.
The 1st generation iPhone, launched in June 2007, was released by Steve Jobs, featured an auto-rotate sensor, a capacitive screen that allowed multiple inputs, while ignoring minor touches. Within a few minutes this phone became a huge success.
The world’s first Android phone was released, which was called the G1. It had a limited touchscreen and a slide-out keyboard. At the same time, Microsoft also made a mobile operating system “Windows Phone”, because of this, she now wanted to compete with Android and iOS. Apple launched its App store in which about 552 apps were available to download.
WhatsApp was launched, its co-founder, Jan Koum Koum got this idea of a messaging app in a friend’s house during a movie night.
Sweden and Norway became TeliaSonera the first operators to offer 4G services to customers. In practical terms, then, the arrival of 4G showed almost five times increase in data transfer speeds compared to 3G networks.
Apple launched iPhone 4 but it had a lot of problems due to antenna problems. Google has finally released a branded smartphone – named Nexus One.
Samsung made a good place for itself by a big global smartphone vendor, for which it did not help their model Galaxy S II in which the users got an 8MP camera and an AMOLED display.
When the iPhone started being available in the market for the first time after five years, this fifth-generation model was released in September. About 5 million units of this iPhone 5 went on sale in the first weekend.
Fingerprint scanning went mainstream when it was launched via the iPhone 5S via touch button.
3G coverage was now available in 99% of the UK population. Facebook had acquired WhatsApp for $ 19 billion.
Chinese firms Huawei and Xiaomi also started making their place in Western Markets, but both Samsung and Apple still started to dominate through their Galaxy S5 and iPhone 6S which had a holding of around 38% worldwide.
4G data traffic surpassed 3G for the first time. Gradually the desire for 4G started increasing and at the same time it had absorbed a huge part of 3G in terms of mobile data traffic.
Google replaced its Nexus branding with Pixel, while they also released two new high-end smartphones; Pixel and Pixel XL. Both were released to compete with Apple’s iPhone 7 and 7 Plus.
Microsoft stopped providing support for its Windows Phone OS, only after 7 years. Screen design dominance started to rise again, Samsung Galaxy S8 and iPhone X adopted about 82% screen-to-body ratios.
Now the focus of screen real estate is on the ‘notch’ trend. These Sharp Aquos S2 and Essential Phone were the first company to adopt this feature first, even before the iPhone X.
SMS messaging started celebrating its 25th anniversary. Now this service transmit around 22 billion messages daily.
Chinese manufacturer Ulefone launched Power 5 which used a 13,000 mAh battery, it was the world’s largest battery used in mobile phone, while it was almost four times bigger than Apple’s flagship iPhone XS Max. In comparison, which was released the same year.
UK and US are now starting to deploy 5G networks, their initial indications point to real-world data transfer speeds about 10 times faster than 4G.